Insomnia is a known sleep disorder that can make it hard to sleep, hard to sleep, or causes you to wake up early and not be able to fall asleep. You may still feel drowsiness when you wake up. Insomnia can eat not only your energy level and mood but also affects your health, work performance, and quality of life. How much sleep is enough differs from person to person, but most adults require 7-8 hours of good night sleep.

At some point, many adults go through short-term insomnia, which lasts for several days or weeks. It usually happens due to stress or a traumatic event. But some people have long-term insomnia that lasts for more than a month. Insomnia may be the main problem, or it is associated with other health conditions or medications.  

What causes insomnia?

Insomnia may be the primary condition or may be associated with other health conditions.

Chronic insomnia is generally a result of stress, habits, life events that disrupt sleep. Treating the latent cause can resolve insomnia, but it can also last for years.

Common causes of severe insomnia includes:

  • Overeating late in the evening: Having a light snack before going to sleep is OK, but overeating may make you feel physically agonizing while lying down. Many people also experience a backflow, heartburn of acid, and food from the stomach into the esophagus after eating, which might keep you awake.
  • Stress: Concerns about health, work, school, finances, or family can keep your mind active at night, making it hard to sleep. Stressful life trauma or events, such as the illness or death of a loved one, divorce, or a job loss, may also lead to insomnia.
  • Poor sleep habits: Bad sleep habits include an irregular sleeping schedule, naps, sedative activities before sleeping, uncomfortable sleep surroundings, and using your bed for eating, work, or watching television. Computers, TVs, smartphones, video games, or other screens just before bed can intervene with your sleep schedule.
  • Travel or work schedule: Your circadian rhythms act as an internal clock, guiding such things as your sleep-wake cycle, body temperature, and metabolism. Disrupting your body's circadian rhythms can cause insomnia. Causes include jet lag from traveling across time zones, working an early or late shift, or often changing shifts.

Chronic insomnia may also be associated with health conditions or the use of certain medications. Treating the health condition may help enhance sleep, but insomnia may persist after the medical condition improves:

  • Medications: many prescribed medicines can intervene with sleep, such as certain medications and antidepressants for blood pressure or asthma—many over-the-counter medications- such as painkillers, allergy, and cold medications weight-loss products.
  • Medical conditions: Examples of conditions associated with insomnia include chronic cancer, pain, diabetes, heart disease, asthma, gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), Alzheimer's disease, overactive thyroid, and Parkinson's disease.
  • Sleep-related disorders: Sleep apnea causes stop your breathing occasionally throughout the night, disturbing your sleep. Restless legs syndrome causes irritating sensations in your legs and an almost irresistible desire to move them, which may prevent you from sleeping.

How to Cure Insomnia?

Acute insomnia might not need treatment. If it is hard for you to perform everyday tasks because you are tired, your physician may suggest you sleeping pills for a short time. Medication that works swiftly but briefly can help you avoid problems like drowsiness.

For severe insomnia, you will need treatment for conditions or health problems that keep you awake. Your physician may also advise behavioral therapy. It eases you to change the things you do that make insomnia severe and learn what you can do to improve sleep.

Do not use over-the-counter sleeping tablets for insomnia. They might have repercussions, and they tend to work less well over time.

How to deal with insomnia?

Sleep hygiene can assist you to beat insomnia. Below is the list of tips:

  • Do not use smartphones or e-books before sleeping. The lights emitted from mobile devices can make it harder to fall asleep.
  • It would be best if you work out. Try not to exercise close to bedtime because it may make it hard to sleep. Experts advise exercising at least 3-4 hours before bed.
  • Go to sleep at the same time every night, and get up at the same time every morning. Do not sleep during the day because they make you less sleepy at night.

Insomnia Treatments

Before taking any medications for insomnia, you should consult with your doctor or another credentialed physician.

For treating insomnia, your doctor may prescribe you Ambien it is a sedative known as hypnotic. It affects the brain chemicals that might be imbalanced in people having insomnia. The medication is accessible as both the brand name and the generic version known as Zolpidem.

Ambien comes as an immediate-release and extended-release form. The immediate-form of this medicine will help you to sleep easily when you first go to bed. The extended-release form, Ambien CR, has two layers, the first layer dissolves swiftly to help you sleep faster, and the second layer dissolves slowly to help you stay asleep.



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